Soutenu Analysis (Complete Guide Step by Step)

Soutenu Analysis: Soutenu Analysis is a term in classical ballet which means “sustained.” The ballet dancer turns in sus-sous or in fifth position en pointé and ends up with the opposite foot in front.

Soutenu Analysis

Let’s take a look at the video below:

We will be discussing the seven stances included in a Soutenu Analysis. We will be looking at the positions of your spinehipkneesanklesshoulders, and your elbows at each given stance; and the prime muscles involved at each body segments when you are performing the actions.

Soutenu Analysis

The first stance includes: Tombé croisé en avant.

The first stance includes: Tombé croisé en avant.

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MOVEMENT: EXTENSION—concentric, stabilized by eccentric contraction of ABDOMINALS
PRIME MOVER: ERECTOR SPINAE (Spinalis, Longissimus, and Iliocostalis)

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: R FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: ILIOPSOAS, RECTUS FEMORIS, SARTORIUS

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ER, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GLUTEUS MAXIMUS, DEEP LATERAL ROTATORS, SARTORIUS
(ERs the hip especially with hip flexion)To achieve and maintain external rotation of the hip: Strengthen the deep lateral rotators or stretch the hip internal rotators, capsules, and anterior ligaments.

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: L EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: HAMSTRINGS, GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: R FLEXION, concentric stabilized by QUADRICEPS
PRIME MOVER: HAMSTRINGS

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: L EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: QUADRICEPS FEMORIS
To prevent excessive extension of the knee (knee hyperextension), strengthen the quadriceps, hamstrings, and deep lateral rotators.

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: R DF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: TIBIALIS ANTERIOR, EDL

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: L PF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GASTROCNEMIUS, SOLEUSTo prevent insufficient plantarflexion of foot, strengthen the ankle plantarflexors and intrinsic muscles Tibialis posterior, FHL, FDL, FDB) that support the medial longitudinal arch of the foot; and stretch the dorsiflexors of the foot.

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ABDUCTION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: MIDDLE DELTOID, SUPRASPINATUSTo prevent rounded shoulders, stretch the shoulder internal rotators and horizontal adductors; and strengthen the scapular adductors, external rotators, and thoracic extensors.

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL HORIZONTAL ABDUCTION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: TERES MINOR, POSTERIOR DELTOID

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: BICEPS BRACHII, BRACHIALIS

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW
Soutenu Analysis

The second stance includes: to demi-rond the back leg
en dedans to 2nd, bringing the body en face and opening the arms à la seconde.

The second stance includes: to demi-rond the back leg
en dedans to 2nd, bringing the body en face and opening the arms à la seconde.

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MOVEMENT: EXTENSION—concentric, stabilized by eccentric contraction of ABDOMINALS
PRIME MOVER: ERECTOR SPINAE (Spinalis, Longissimus, and Iliocostalis)

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE
MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: R FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: ILIOPSOAS, RECTUS FEMORIS, SARTORIUS

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ER, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GLUTEUS MAXIMUS, DEEP LATERAL ROTATORS, SARTORIUS
(ERs the hip especially with hip flexion)To achieve and maintain external rotation of the hip: Strengthen the deep lateral rotators or stretch the hip internal rotators, capsules, and anterior ligaments.

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: L ABDUCTION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GLUTEUS MEDIUS, GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: R FLEXION, concentric stabilized by QUADRICEPS
PRIME MOVER: HAMSTRINGS

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE
MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: L EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: QUADRICEPS FEMORIS
To prevent excessive extension of the knee (knee hyperextension), strengthen the quadriceps, hamstrings, and deep lateral rotators.

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: R DF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: TIBIALIS ANTERIOR, EDL

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: L PF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GASTROCNEMIUS, SOLEUS
To prevent insufficient plantarflexion of foot, strengthen the ankle plantarflexors and intrinsic muscles (Tibialis posterior, FHL, FDL, FDB) that support the medial longitudinal arch of the foot; and stretch the dorsiflexors of the foot.

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ABDUCTION to nearly 90 degrees, concentric
PRIME MOVER: MIDDLE DELTOID, SUPRASPINATUSTo prevent rounded shoulders, stretch the shoulder internal rotators and horizontal adductors; and strengthen the scapular adductors, external rotators, and thoracic extensors.

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER
MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: TRICEPS BRACHII

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

Start working on your Ballet Techniques today! Click on the picture below to learn about our Ballet & Dance Combo:

Start working on your Ballet Techniques today! Click on the picture below to learn about our Ballet & Dance Combo:

The third stance includes: to close the leg front into 5th croisé en relevé, closing arms to 1st and turning up-stage.

The third stance includes

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MOVEMENT: EXTENSION—concentric, stabilized by eccentric contraction of ABDOMINALS
PRIME MOVER: ERECTOR SPINAE (Spinalis, Longissimus, and Iliocostalis)

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE
MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: EXTENSION—concentric, stabilized by eccentric contraction of ABDOMINALS
PRIME MOVER: ERECTOR SPINAE (Spinalis, Longissimus, and Iliocostalis)

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ER, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GLUTEUS MAXIMUS, DEEP LATERAL ROTATORS, SARTORIUS
(ERs the hip especially with hip flexion)To achieve and maintain external rotation of the hip: Strengthen the deep lateral rotators or stretch the hip internal rotators, capsules, and anterior ligaments.

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: L SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: ILIOPSOAS, RECTUS FEMORIS, SARTORIUS

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: QUADRICEPS FEMORISTo prevent excessive extension of the knee (knee hyperextension), strengthen the quadriceps, hamstrings, and deep lateral rotators.

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL PF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GASTROCNEMIUS, SOLEUS
To prevent insufficient plantarflexion of foot, strengthen the ankle plantarflexors and intrinsic muscles (Tibialis posterior, FHL, FDL, FDB) that support the medial longitudinal arch of the foot; and stretch the dorsiflexors of the foot.

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: PECTORALIS MAJOR (CLAVICULAR), ANTERIOR DELTOIDTo prevent rounded shoulders, stretch the shoulder internal rotators and horizontal adductors; and strengthen the scapular adductors, external rotators, and thoracic extensors.

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER
MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: PECTORALIS MAJOR (CLAVICULAR), ANTERIOR DELTOIDTo prevent rounded shoulders, stretch the shoulder internal rotators and horizontal adductors; and strengthen the scapular adductors, external rotators, and thoracic extensors.

Soutenu Analysis
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL HORIZONTAL ADDUCTION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: PECTORALIS MINOR, PECTORALIS MAJOR, LATISSIMUS DORSI

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: BICEPS BRACHII, BRACHIALIS

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW
MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

The fourth to sixth stance includes: to transfer the weight onto the front foot, continuing to turn upstage, readjusting the back foot around the 5th in front, and lifting the arms to 5th en haut.

 fourth to sixth stance
 fourth to sixth stance
 fourth to sixth stance

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MOVEMENT: EXTENSION—concentric, stabilized by eccentric contraction of ABDOMINALS
PRIME MOVER: ERECTOR SPINAE (Spinalis, Longissimus, and Iliocostalis)

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE
MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: R SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: ILIOPSOAS, RECTUS FEMORIS, SARTORIUS

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ER, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GLUTEUS MAXIMUS, DEEP LATERAL ROTATORS, SARTORIUS
(ERs the hip especially with hip flexion)To achieve and maintain external rotation of the hip: Strengthen the deep lateral rotators or stretch the hip internal rotators, capsules, and anterior ligaments.

MAJOR JOINT: HIP
MAJOR JOINT: HIP
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: L SLIGHT EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: HAMSTRINGS, GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: QUADRICEPS FEMORISTo prevent excessive extension of the knee (knee hyperextension), strengthen the quadriceps, hamstrings, and deep lateral rotators.

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL PF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GASTROCNEMIUS, SOLEUS
To prevent insufficient plantarflexion of foot, strengthen the ankle plantarflexors and intrinsic muscles (Tibialis posterior, FHL, FDL, FDB) that support the medial longitudinal arch of the foot; and stretch the dorsiflexors of the foot.

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ABDUCTION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: MIDDLE DELTOID, SUPRASPINATUS

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER
MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: PECTORALIS MAJOR (CLAVICULAR), ANTERIOR DELTOIDTo prevent rounded shoulders, stretch the shoulder internal rotators and horizontal adductors; and strengthen the scapular adductors, external rotators, and thoracic extensors.

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER
MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: BICEPS BRACHII, BRACHIALIS

Soutenu Analysis
Soutenu Analysis

The seventh stance includes: to finish in 5th en demi-pointe, opening the arms en dehors to 2nd.

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: SPINE

MOVEMENT: EXTENSION—concentric, Stabilized by eccentric contraction of ABDOMINALS
PRIME MOVER: RECTOR SPINAE (Spinalis, Longissimus, and Iliocostalis)

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: R SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: ILIOPSOAS, RECTUS FEMORIS, SARTORIUS

Soutenu Analysis
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ER, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GLUTEUS MAXIMUS, DEEP LATERAL ROTATORS, SARTORIUS
(ERs the hip especially with hip flexion)To achieve and maintain external rotation of the hip: Strengthen the deep lateral rotators or stretch the hip internal rotators, capsules, and anterior ligaments.

MAJOR JOINT: HIP

Soutenu Analysis

MOVEMENT: L SLIGHT EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: HAMSTRINGS, GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

MAJOR JOINT: KNEE

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL EXTENSION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: QUADRICEPS FEMORISTo prevent excessive extension of the knee (knee hyperextension), strengthen the quadriceps, hamstrings, and deep lateral rotators.

MAJOR JOINT: ANKLE-FOOT

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL PF, concentric
PRIME MOVER: GASTROCNEMIUS, SOLEUSTo prevent insufficient plantarflexion of foot, strengthen the ankle plantarflexors and intrinsic muscles (Tibialis posterior, FHL, FDL, FDB) that support the medial longitudinal arch of the foot; and stretch the dorsiflexors of the foot.

Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL ABDUCTION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: MIDDLE DELTOID, SUPRASPINATUS

MAJOR JOINT: SHOULDER

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: PECTORALIS MAJOR (CLAVICULAR), ANTERIOR DELTOIDTo prevent rounded shoulders, stretch the shoulder internal rotators and horizontal adductors; and strengthen the scapular adductors, external rotators, and thoracic extensors.

Soutenu Analysis

Soutenu Analysis
Soutenu Analysis

MAJOR JOINT: ELBOW

MOVEMENT: BILATERAL SLIGHT FLEXION, concentric
PRIME MOVER: BICEPS BRACHII, BRACHIALIS

Soutenu Analysis
Soutenu Analysis

Start working on your Ballet Techniques today! Click on the picture below to learn about our Ballet & Dance Combo:

Soutenu Analysis

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